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Setup Apache/mod-wsgi/Django 1.10 on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS


Udayakumar Nalinasekaren
Apr 10, 2017

WSGI

Here are my findings in making Python 3.5, Django 1.10 and mod-wsgi to work with Apache2 server on an Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installation. At the time of this writing, integration does not work out of the box. I tried this setup on a Raspberry Pi running Ubuntu Mate distribution. The configuration differs from how it was done with earlier versions of Python/Django and mod-wsgi.

I installed my Python/Django environment in /home/uday/rpi-web and my Django project is named webroot. You will need to substitute your paths appropriately.

First of all, mod-wsgi that comes pre installed on the Ubuntu distribution is compiled for version 2. It needs to be upgraded. The following command removes version 2 and intalls the Python 3 compatible version.

sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi-py3

We need to edit the apache configuration file /etc/apache2/apache2.conf next, and add the following lines at the end of that file.

WSGIScriptAlias / /home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/webroot/wsgi.py
WSGIPythonHome /home/uday/rpi-web/
WSGIPythonPath /home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/

Next we edit the default apache site configuration file /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf and add the following lines. If you have an already customized site configuration file, then you need to integrate the configuration properly.

WSGIDaemonProcess myapp
WSGIProcessGroup myapp
WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
Alias /static /home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/webroot/static/
Alias /media /home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/webroot/media/

ServerAdmin uday@mymail.com
DocumentRoot /home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/

<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride all
    Require all granted
</Directory>

Lastly, we also need to edit the default /home/uday/rpi-web/src/webroot/wsgi.py file and make it look as below.

"""
WSGI config for webroot project.

It exposes the WSGI callable as a module-level variable named ``application``.

For more information on this file, see
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.10/howto/deployment/wsgi/
"""

import os, sys, site

from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application

sys.path.append('/home/uday/rpi-web/webroot')
sys.path.append('/home/uday/rpi-web/webroot/webroot')

activate_this = "/home/uday/rpi-web/bin/activate_this.py"
with open(activate_this) as f:
    code = compile(f.read(), activate_this, "exec")
    exec(code, dict(__file__=activate_this))

os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "webroot.settings")

application = get_wsgi_application()

activate_this.py is a file that gets installed in the bin directory when you set up your Python environment and setup Django 1.10 from your home directory as below:

createenv rpi-web
cd rpi-web source bin/activate pip3 install django==1.10

Read more on integration here


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